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The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela

Benjamin of Tudela, from Spain, is a famous world traveler of the 12th century. He started his journey from northeast Spain around 1165. His travel began in the city of Zaragoza, further down the valley of the Ebro, whence he went north to France, and then set sail from the port of Marseilles. After visiting Genoa, Pisa, and Rome in present-day Italy; Greece; and Constantinople, he set off across Asia. He visited Syria, Lebanon, Land of Israel, and northern Mesopotamia before he came to Baghdad. From there he went to Persia, then cut back across the Arabian Peninsula to Egypt and North Africa, returning to the Iberian Peninsula in 1173. In general Benjamin visited over 300 cities, including many of importance in Jewish history, such as Susa, Sura, and Pumbedita in southern Persia. Besides, he collected information about many more areas which he heard about on his travels, including China and Tibet. He recorded details on cultures such as that of Al-Hashishin, the hemp smokers, introducing Western Europeans to people and places far beyond their experience.
Some modern historians consider him as the person who gave the most precise description of every-day life in the Middle Ages. Originally the book was written in Hebrew. Later it was translated into Latin and then became an extremely popular piece of Jewish literature in many languages. The modern reader might think of it as something alien and unusual. But the author actually intended to give his contemporaries an actual account of his journeys. What exactly did Benjamin plan to reach when he started out on his awesome travel? At first, probably nothing but a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, which despite the Crusades, retained a magic attraction for the pious Jew. A pilgrimage-an Aliyah-probably with the thought to stay there for the rest of his life. But the fact is that he did take the long road, sometimes making stops, meeting people, visiting places, describing professions and giving a demographic count of Jews in every town and country. This book is outstanding. Actually, this is travel diary of Benjamin. He brightly describes the different communities he visits throughout Spain and the Middle East. This is a work which gives insight into Jewish communal life in the Middle Ages.
This book describes the countries he visited, with an emphasis on the Jewish communities, including their total populations and the names of notable community leaders. Benjamin also described the customs and traditions of the local population, both Jewish and non-Jewish, with an emphasis on urban life. He gave detailed descriptions of sites and landmarks seen along the way, as well as important buildings and marketplaces. This book is important not only because it has detailed descriptions of the Jewish communities, but also as a trustworthy source about the geography and ethnography of the Middle Ages. "The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela" is really worth reading. Anyone who prefers primary historical sources will enjoy reading this book as it is full of true facts and exciting details of the past.



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the world of king arthur and his court people places legend and lore

Kevin John William Crossley-Holland, an English children's author and poet, is known as a creator of the Arthur Trilogy, covering the whole series of legends about the legendary English ruler. Collection of articles about the mythology of King Arthur has drawn phenomenal attention of public all over the world and was published in many countries. The work excellently reproduces the spirit of the epoch, its characters being strikingly vivid. They transport us to the past, giving a chance to feel the atmosphere and see people’s life in the middle Ages, their wars and beliefs. The author describes fascinating events of Arthur’s life, as well as the real lives of knights and their duties, and discusses the Crusades, the Round Table, and heraldry.

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The Confessions of Artemas Quibble

This is a great novel composed in the form of a collection of stories connected with law made up on the basis of real cases. The main character of The Confessions of Artemas Quibble is a young man without moral principles and with vague future prospects. By chance he starts working as a lawyer and becomes extremely successful in this field. However, not everything is so plain and soon the mysteries will be revealed. The plot is very expressive and definitely makes a good impression on readers. Besides, it is full of funny moments which makes the novel more interesting and enjoyable.

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german culture past present

PREFACEThe following pages aim at giving a general view of the social and intellectual life of Germany from the end of the mediaeval period to modern times. In the earlier portion of the book, the first half of the sixteenth century in Germany is dealt with at much greater length and in greater detail than the later period, a sketch of which forms the subject of the last two chapters. The reason for this is to be found in the fact that while the roots of the later German character and culture are to be sought for in the life of this period, it iscomparatively little known to the average educated English reader. In the early fifteenth century, during the Reformation era, German life and culture in its widest sense began to consolidate themselves, and at the same time to take on an originality which differentiated them from the general life and culture of Western Europe as it was during the Middle Ages.To those who would fully appreciate the later developments, therefore, it is essential thoroughly to understand the details of the social and intellectual history of the time in question. For the later period there are many more works of a generally popular character available for the student and general reader. The chief aim of the sketch given in Chapters IX and X is to bring into sharp relief those events which, in the Author's view, represent more or less crucial stages in the development of modern Germany.For the earlier portion of the present volume an older work of the Author's, now out of print, entitled _German Society at the Close of the Middle Ages_, has been largely drawn upon. Reference, as will be seen, has also been made in the course of the present work to two other writings from the same pen which are still to be had for those desirous of fuller information on their respective subjects, viz. _The Peasants' War_ and _The Rise and Fall of the Anabaptists_ (Messrs. George Allen & Unwin)........

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Mediaeval Lore from Bartholomew Anglicus

An amazing archive of historically important texts, giving a record of everything, from daily life and etiquette to scientific views and theories, during the Medieval period.Table of Contents Publisher's Preface; Preface; Introduction; The Prologue Of The Translator; Mediaeval Science; Mediaeval Manners; Mediaeval Medicine; Mediaeval Geography; Mediaeval Natural History--trees; Mediaeval Natural History--birds And Fishes; Mediaeval Natural History--animals; The Sources Of The Book; Bibliography; Bibliography; GlossaryAbout the Publisher Forgotten Books is a publisher of historical writings, such as: Philosophy, Classics, Science, Religion and Mythology. http://www.forgottenbooks.orgForgotten Books is about sharing knowledge, not about making money. Our books are priced at wholesale prices. We print in large sans-serif font, which is proven to make the text easier to read and put less strain on your eyes. Happy reading!

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The history of the popes, from the close of the middle ages : drawn from the secret Archives of the Vatican and other original sources; from the German 28

Half title, v.1-2: Catholic standard library V.1-6 ed. by F.I. Antrobus; v.7-24 ed. by R.F. Kerr; v.25-34 ed. by Ernest Graf; v. 35-40 ed. by E.F. Peeler Publisher varies: v.3-34, K. Paul, Trench Trübner, & co., ltd.; v. 35-40, Routledge and K. Paul, ltd V.3-6, 11-12: 2d edition Bibliographies

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Europe in the middle ages

Bibliography: p. [365]-367 Includes index

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The history of the popes, from the close of the middle ages. Drawn from the secret archives of the Vatican and other original sources v.7

Vols. 1-6 ed. by F.I. Antrobus; v.7- by R.F. Kerr Vol. 1, 3d ed.; v. 2-6, 2d ed

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The history of the popes, from the close of the middle ages : drawn from the secret Archives of the Vatican and other original sources; from the German 23

Half title, v.1-2: Catholic standard library V.1-6 ed. by F.I. Antrobus; v.7-24 ed. by R.F. Kerr; v.25-34 ed. by Ernest Graf; v. 35-40 ed. by E.F. Peeler Publisher varies: v.3-34, K. Paul, Trench Trübner, & co., ltd.; v. 35-40, Routledge and K. Paul, ltd V.3-6, 11-12: 2d edition Bibliographies

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The history of the popes, from the close of the middle ages : drawn from the secret Archives of the Vatican and other original sources; from the German 8

Half title, v.1-2: Catholic standard library V.1-6 ed. by F.I. Antrobus; v.7-24 ed. by R.F. Kerr; v.25-34 ed. by Ernest Graf; v. 35-40 ed. by E.F. Peeler Publisher varies: v.3-34, K. Paul, Trench Trübner, & co., ltd.; v. 35-40, Routledge and K. Paul, ltd V.3-6, 11-12: 2d edition Bibliographies

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